·         Arousal

·         The Brain

·         Exercise

·         Indoor Air Pollution

·         Muscle Tension

·         Nutrition

·         Posture

·         Sensory Processing

·         Sleep

·         Other Suggestions


Research Topics


My Theories

Former Theories



The Cause of Internet and TV Addiction?





·        Common Postural Deficiencies

·           Links


·           Back and Neck Problems

·           Computer Users

·           Driving Posture

·           Eye-Level Monitor Placement

·           Finding a Good Sitting Position

·           Footwear Modification

·           Forward Head Posture

·           Knee Injuries

·           Lumbar Lordosis

·           Muscle Tension


Common Postural Deficiencies

Note #1: If you attempt the exercise 'Lever Hip Flexion', referred to in the following link, make sure you wear the proper clothing. It is not uncommon for people to split their pants while doing this exercise.

Note #2: I think there may be mistake in the instructions for the 'seated glute stretch' in the section 'Posterior Pelvic Tilt'. The instructions say that you should place one hand on top of inside of knee. But I think that this should say that you should pull the knee up.

· Common Postural Deficiencies


Back and Neck Problems

·          Posture: Back and Neck Problems


Computer Users

·           Causes of Discomfort


Driving Posture


·          "Sit with your knees level with your hips.

·          You can either use a rolled up towel or a commercial back support in the seat behind you for more comfort.

·          Sit as close to the steering wheel as you can and feel safe. Reaching increases the pressure on the lumbar spine and can stress your neck, shoulder and wrist. (See Fig. 4)." Posture at work


·          "Airbags are a particular concern. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety consider 10 inches to be a safe distance from the air bag.

·          If you're sitting closer than ten inches to your car's airbag, you should have an on-off switch installed.

·          Alternatively, you can have pedal extenders installed on your vehicle [if you have trouble reaching the pedals]. See the resources, below, for more information." Tips for the Vertically Challenged


Related Topics

·         Sinking Seat Cushions


Things to Consider

·        Posture: Office Chairs: Tips


Eye-Level Monitor Placement

"The recommendation that computer monitors be placed at or slightly below eye-level is based in part on the belief that the ‘normal line of sight,’ considered to be the resting point of the eyes, is 15° below the horizontal when the head is upright.

A statement to that effect appears first in an engineering handbook published in 1963 (Morgan et al., 1963). No references were provided and a conversation with one of the authors of the chapter (Orlansky, 1994) could not determine a basis for the statement. It was confirmed that it did not result from laboratory or field studies. Eye-level monitor placement has developed as a guideline despite little or no evidence to support it, and despite the discomfort that persists with this"

A Challenge to Eye-Level, Perpendicular-to-Gaze, Monitor Placement (PDF, 115 KB)


Finding a Good Sitting Position

·         "Sit at the end of your chair and slouch completely.

·         Draw yourself up and accentuate the curve of your back as far as possible. Hold for a few seconds.

·         Release the position slightly (about 10 degrees). This is a good sitting posture.”

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


·         “Distribute your body weight evenly on both hips.

·         Keep your hips and knees at a right angle (use a foot rest or stool if necessary). Your legs should not be crossed and your feet should be flat on the floor.”

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


 “Try to avoid sitting in the same position for more than 30 minutes [static posture].”

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


 “At work, adjust your chair height and workstation so you can sit up close to your work. Rest your elbows and arms on your chair or desk, keeping your shoulders relaxed.”

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


 “When sitting in a chair that rolls and pivots, don't twist at the waist while sitting. Instead, turn your whole body.”

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


 When standing up from the sitting position, move to the front of the seat of your chair. Stand up by straightening your legs. Avoid bending forward at your waist. Immediately stretch your back by doing 10 standing backbends [Correction: backbends stretch the front of the body and help open the shoulder and pelvic girdles]."

Maintaining Proper Body Mechanics


Footwear Modification

What is Footwear Modification?

·          NISMAT: Physical Therapy Corner: Footwear Modification



Posture Control Insoles

"Instead of restricting foot motion by hard or semi-rigid shells and shapes, Posture Control Insoles™ are designed to cause your muscles to facilitate the correction." Posture Control Insoles


"Your feet and your body are strengthened by free natural motion rather than weakened by restricted motion as is the case with traditional orthotics [devices that support and straighten the body] and arch supports." Posture Control Insoles


Forward Head Posture

·          Posture: Forward Head Posture


Knee Injuries

"The most effective way to prevent knee injuries is to exercise and strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee (the quadriceps [front leg] and hamstring muscles) to ensure joint stability and muscle balance. Always start any strengthening program gradually. At the first indication of pain in the knee area, stop the exercise. Exercising too hard can seriously damage the knees."

Hip injuries: Snapping hip syndrome (tight iliotibial band) (PDF, 2.96 MB)


"Performing a proper warm-up and stretching before activity can also help prevent any type of knee injury, and help ensure both lubrication of the joint and balanced muscle function..."

Hip injuries: Snapping hip syndrome (tight iliotibial band) (PDF, 2.96 MB)


"Finally, orthotics or postural correction may be useful for some individuals to ensure that forces are properly distributed through the knee and that they do not generate undue stress at one location in the joint."

Hip injuries: Snapping hip syndrome (tight iliotibial band) (PDF, 2.96 MB)



·          NISMAT: Physical Therapy Corner

·          The Posture Page (provides practical information about methods that have a history of helping people improve their posture)

·         Back Designs, Inc.: 'The Homemade Ergonomic Office'


Lumbar Lordosis (Sway Back)

·        Posture: Lumbar Lordosis


Muscle Tension  

·        Suggestions: Muscle Tension



Back to 'Posture'