The Cause of Internet and TV Addiction?
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
“Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is an intestinal disorder that causes
· Abdominal pain or discomfort,
· Cramping or bloating, and
· Diarrhea or constipation.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a long-term but manageable condition.”
“The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is not well understood. In IBS, the movement of the digestive tract is impaired, but doctors can find no change in physical structure, such as inflammation or tumors. The symptoms of IBS are thought to be related to faulty communication between the brain and the intestinal tract, which causes abnormal muscle contractions in the intestines.”
“The immune system [seems to be similar to food allergies, intolerances], which fights infection, may also be involved.”
“A person’s colon may respond strongly to stimuli such as certain foods [seems to be similar to food allergies, intolerances] or stress that would not bother most people.”
“Recent research [this article was written in February, 2006] has reported that
· Serotonin is linked with normal gastrointestinal (GI) functioning.
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter, or chemical, that delivers messages from one part of your body to another.
· Ninety-five percent of the serotonin in your body is located in the GI tract, and
· The other 5 percent is found in the brain.
· Cells that line the inside of the bowel work as transporters and carry the serotonin out of the GI tract [dehydration affects the transporting of neurotransmitters to the brain]. People with IBS, however, have diminished receptor activity, causing abnormal levels of serotonin to exist in the GI tract [sounds like certain types of depression]. As a result, people with IBS experience problems with bowel movement, motility, and sensation—having more sensitive pain receptors in their GI tract.”
“In addition, people with IBS frequently suffer from depression and anxiety, which can worsen symptoms. Similarly, the symptoms associated with IBS can cause a person to feel depressed and anxious [a vicious cycle].”
“Researchers have reported that
· IBS may be caused by a bacterial infection in the gastrointestinal tract.
Studies show that people who have had gastroenteritis [a pathological disturbance of the gastrointestinal tract] sometimes develop IBS, otherwise called post-infectious IBS
· [other causes of gastroenteritis, other than bacteria, are parasites, radiation, viruses, eating food that irritates the stomach lining and emotional upsets such as anger, fear, or stress].”
“Researchers have also found very mild celiac disease in some people with symptoms similar to IBS. People with celiac disease cannot digest gluten, a substance found in wheat, rye, and barley. [Some] People with celiac disease cannot eat these foods without becoming very sick because their immune system responds by damaging the small intestine [some people with celiac disease may not have symptoms; others may not know their symptoms are from celiac disease]. A blood test can determine whether celiac disease may be present. (For information about celiac disease, see NIDDK's Celiac Disease fact sheet.)”
· “The main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are
· Many people with IBS have alternating periods of constipation and diarrhea,
· IBS is one of the most common intestinal disorders. Most people's symptoms are so mild that they never see a doctor for treatment. However, some people may have troublesome symptoms, especially abdominal cramps, bloating, and diarrhea.”
Things to Consider
· “Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a long-term (chronic) but manageable condition.
· It is important that you work closely with your health professional to create a treatment plan that will meet your needs. Learn all you can about your condition so you can effectively communicate concerns and questions to your health professional…”
· “No single type of treatment for irritable bowel syndrome works best for everyone.”
“Increasing fiber in your diet may help relieve constipation.”
Diet: Things to Avoid
“For some people who have IBS, certain foods may trigger symptoms. The following suggestions may help prevent or relieve some IBS symptoms:
· Avoid caffeine.
· Limit your intake of fatty foods. Fats increase gut sensations, which can make abdominal pain seem worse.
· If diarrhea is your main symptom, limit dairy products, fruit [or foods that contain fructose], or the artificial sweetener sorbitol.
· Avoiding foods such as beans, cabbage, or uncooked cauliflower or broccoli can help relieve bloating or gas.”
“Two new studies provide evidence to support what many people with IBS already know – fructose and fat can set off symptoms. Fructose is a type of sugar found in many fruits, and fat, as most of us know, is found in just about anything that tastes good. Researchers estimate that as many as one half of people with IBS are intolerant to fructose.
· The first study found that a small sample of people with IBS who eliminated fructose from their diet had a decrease in symptoms.
· In the second study researchers showed that fat may cause problems not only for people with IBS, but also for those with dyspepsia [upper abdominal discomfort] or other functional gastrointestinal disorders.”
“Getting regular, vigorous exercise (such as swimming, jogging, or brisk walking) may help reduce tension and make your bowels more regular.”
“Medications such as
· loperamide (Imodium) for diarrhea,
· tegaserod (Zelnorm) for constipation, or
· antianxiety agents such as paroxetine (Paxil)
may be used along with lifestyle changes to manage symptoms of IBS.”
“If stress triggers your symptoms, some form of psychological therapy or stress management may help you deal more positively with stress and help prevent or reduce stress-related IBS episodes.”
Depression and Fructose Malabsorption
“Fructose malabsorption is characterized by the inability to absorb fructose efficiently. As a consequence fructose reaches the colon where it is broken down by bacteria to short fatty acids, CO2 and H2. Bloating, cramps, osmotic diarrhea and other symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are the consequence and can be seen in about 50% of fructose malabsorbers. Having made the observation that persons with fructose malabsorption very often seem to present not only with signs of irritable bowel syndrome but also with signs of pre-menstrual syndrome and mental depression, it was of interest to establish whether such an association could be demonstrated in patients.
Fifty-five adults with gastrointestinal complaints of unknown origin (12 males, 43 females) were analyzed by measuring breath hydrogen concentrations after an oral dose of 50 g fructose and were classified as normals or fructose malabsorbers according to their breath H2 [hydrogen] concentrations. All patients filled out a Beck s depression inventory - questionnaire. Fructose malabsorption was detected in 36 of 55 individuals (65.5%).
Subjects with fructose malabsorption (DeltaH2 [change in hydrogen] concentrations >10 p.p.m. [parts per million] after fructose load) showed a significantly higher score in the Beck s depression inventory than normal fructose absorbers. This was true especially for females. Fructose malabsorption may play a role in the development of depressed mood. Fructose malabsorption should be considered in patients with symptoms of major depression or pre-menstrual syndrome. Further studies are needed to clarify the background of this association.”